Amsterdam, J. Schulman, 1951.Softcover reprint 176 pp. April 12, 2018. The royal couple were welcomed enthusiastically by the local population, and the trip was widely reported in the Dutch press. In January 1986, Aruba seceded from the Netherlands Antilles, becoming a constituent country of the Kingdom in its own right. It is (as all institutions of the Kingdom) regulated in the Constitution, but the Charter implies that at the request of Aruba, Curaçao, or Sint Maarten, a member from each of these islands can be included in the Council of State. © 2003-var year = new Date(); document.write(year.getFullYear()); Depends on your definition of 'overseas territory'. Dikes were erected to protect the land from flooding. The use of the term "Netherlands" for the Kingdom as a whole might imply that Aruba, Curaçao, and Sint Maarten are not equal to the Kingdom's country in Europe and that the three island countries have no say in affairs pertaining to the Kingdom but are instead subordinate to the European country. The biggest settlement is Kralendijk, the island's capital. Aruba, with its own constitution, is a representative parliamentary democracy organised as a unitary state. According to the Charter, Suriname and the Netherlands Antilles could each alter its "Basic Law" (Staatsregeling). Conclusion. "[32] Belinfante and De Reede do speak about a "federal association" without any reservations.[33]. It mentions the rules of procedure and the annual reports as sufficient checks and balances. Supercentenarians born in Dutch overseas territories. The Governor of Aruba is Alfonso Boekhoudt, and the Prime Minister is Evelyn Wever-Croes. The population is about 130,000 inhabitants. [26][30] Instead, the Kingdom is said to have characteristics of a federal state, a confederation, a federacy, and a devolved unitary state. It was a Protestant nation without an absolute ruler. Constitution of Sint Maarten, "Invoeringswet openbare lichamen Bonaire, Sint Eustatius en Saba", "Koning en Koningin bij viering 200 jaar Koninkrijk in Maastricht", "Waaruit bestaat het Koninkrijk der Nederlanden? [23][24] This deputy council prepares the meetings of the Council of Ministers of the Kingdom. Furthermore, according to article 15 of the Charter, the Ministers Plenipotentiary can request the Kingdom parliament to introduce a draft Kingdom act. Three are constituent countries: Aruba (since 1986), Curaçao and Sint Maarten (since 2010); three are special municipalities of the Netherlands proper: Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba. In contrast with Article 12a, this article is not imperatively formulated.[21]. www.amsterdam.info It was an attempt, albeit unsuccessful, to mediate disputes left unresolved by an earlier Dutch-Indonesian settlement, the Linggadjati Agreement of 1946. They also convoked a conference at which the republic was represented as a minority partner. Note that there is a difference between the Kingdom of the Netherlands and the Netherlands: the Kingdom of the Netherlands is the comprehensive sovereign state, while the Netherlands is one of its four countries. This was remarkable, as independence had not been an issue during the election campaign. Until its dissolution in 2010, the islands had formed the Netherlands Antilles, with the exception of Aruba, which left the grouping in 1986. Lot details Geographic Origin Dutch Overseas Territories That makes Britain technically an overseas territory of the Dutch. In legislation, the three islands are also known as Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba or the BES islands (an acronym of their names). Get the best of Sporcle when you Go Orange. Article 13 of the Charter specifies that there is a Council of State of the Kingdom. Since citizenship is a Kingdom affair, and is thus not distinguished for the four countries, citizens from all four countries are also citizens of the European Union. While Aruba is a part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, it maintains own laws, constitution, government, and currency. involve-europe.eu Het beleid jegens deze groep migranten begon pas in de jaren zestig te veranderen. The people are represented by the States General of the Netherlands, which consists of a House of Representatives and a Senate. In cases where affairs of the Kingdom do not affect Aruba, Curaçao, or Sint Maarten, they are dealt with according to the provisions laid down in the Constitution. The French Overseas Departments and Territories (French: départements et territoires d'outre-mer, colloquially referred to as the DOM-TOM) consist of all the French-administered territories outside of the European continent. Suriname and the Netherlands Antilles each got a Minister Plenipotentiary based in the Netherlands, who had the right to participate in Dutch cabinet meetings that discussed affairs of the Kingdom as a whole when they pertained directly to Suriname or the Netherlands Antilles. Despite being of a sui generis constitutional nature, some other states have similar properties. mi), while a larger French part, called promptly Saint Martin was at the South. Overseas territories of Netherlands. Belgium België Numismatic Pocket De Mey (NP) Europe Europa The Low Countries - Before 1795 - … This is a list of the oldest people who currently live in the Netherlands. However, being the part of the Kingdom, these territories are not the part of the EU. Though the influence of the islands in Kingdom affairs is limited, it certainly exists. How do you analyze the present situation of the Dutch overseas territories? The Dutch soon declared that they had established a state in Sumatra, which incorporated part of the republican territories. The legislature of the Kingdom consists of the States General of the Netherlands and the Government. The Kingdom of the Netherlands originated in the aftermath of French Emperor Napoleon I's defeat in 1815. Several other royal visits were to follow.[12]. Location of the European Union and the special territories. Some states, such as the United Kingdom and its overseas territories, as well as the United States and its insular areas, do not consider their external territories as integral parts of the state. Before 10 October 2010, Sint Maarten was known as the Island Territory of Sint Maarten (Dutch: Eilandgebied Sint Maarten), and was one of five island territories (Eilandgebieden) that constituted the Netherlands Antilles. The only overseas territory of France is the French Southern and Antarctic Lands, which have no permanent population. [11], With Indonesia's independence, a federal constitution was considered too heavy as the economies of Suriname and the Netherlands Antilles were insignificant compared to that of the Netherlands. Among other affiliations, the state is also a founding member of NATO, OECD and WTO. Aruba has two official languages: its own national language Papiamento and the Kingdom of the Netherlands' Dutch language.[20]. The other three countries cannot do the same for affairs of the Kingdom that only pertain to them and not to the Netherlands proper. It has the Antillean Guilder as its currency. The islands are currently classified as public bodies in the Netherlands and as overseas countries and territories of the European Union; thus, EU law does not automatically apply. The visit was a great success. Dutch Overseas Territories means Aruba, Curaçao, Sint Maarten, Bonaire, Saba and Sint Eustatius, also known as the Netherlands Antilles. On 11 October and 2 November 2006, agreements were signed between the Dutch government and the governments of each island that would put into effect the commission's findings by 15 December 2008. The Caribbean islands have a tropical climate, with warm weather all year round. Suriname is now an independent republic and a sovereign country, outside the EU. The coins of the Dutch Overseas Territories new. The Netherlands has the euro as its currency, except in the special municipalities of the Caribbean Netherlands (BES islands), where the Netherlands Antillean guilder was replaced by the U.S. dollar in 2011.[17]. European Union finance ministers are set to remove this week the British overseas territory of Bermuda, the Dutch Caribbean island of Aruba and Barbados from the bloc’s blacklist of tax havens, an EU official said on Monday. Supercentenarians born in Dutch overseas territories. All part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, the six islands are known for their friendly inhabitants and laidback attitudes. Changes in the Charter for the Kingdom of the Netherlands can only be made when all constituent countries agree. Is a popular tourist destination featuring renowned and luxurious hotel resorts. Aruba, Curaçao, and Sint Maarten do not have this right. This is a list of the oldest people by birth from each province. Sample 1 Based on 1 documents Examples of Dutch Overseas Territories in a sentence Consequently, Aruba, Curaçao, and Sint Maarten are dependent on the Netherlands for matters like foreign policy and defence, but are autonomous to a certain degree, with their own parliaments. Get the best of Sporcle when you Go Orange. The reference book of all coins made for and in the Dutch Territories 1601-1948. Initially serving on temporary labour contracts as officials, sailors, and soldiers, soon Germans began to stay in the Dutch overseas territories for good. Article 14, paragraph 3, of the Charter, foresees the handling of Kingdom affairs in all other cases by the Netherlands. Before the Charter for the Kingdom of the Netherlands was proclaimed in 1954, Suriname, Netherlands New Guinea, and the Netherlands Antilles, (formerly, Kolonie Curaçao en Onderhorige Eilanden, "Colony of Curaçao and subordinates") were colonies of the Netherlands. In 1969, an unorganised strike on the Antillean island of Curaçao resulted in serious disturbances and looting, during which a part of the historic city centre of Willemstad was destroyed by fire. As special municipalities, they were constituted as "public bodies" (Dutch: openbare lichamen) under the Constitution for the Kingdom of the Netherlands. At that point, Luxembourg became a fully independent country in a personal union with the Netherlands. Dutch Overseas Territories - Collections in albums and stock books Cancelled, MH (Mint hinged), MH without gum, MNH (Mint never hinged) Dutch East Indies, Netherlands Antilles, New Guinea, Aruba and much more. Saba is also an attractive destination for kite-boarders and windsurfers. mi) with only 1,991 inhabitants. The Council requires the Dutch government to explain how the GDPR contains "checks and balances" that meet its concerns. The Dutch name that is commonly used is Nederland, which is a singular form, whereas the official Dutch name Koninkrijk der Nederlanden like the English "(Kingdom of the) Netherlands", uses the plural form. There are, however, some derogations for these islands. Dutch Overseas Territories - Batch of FDCs in various albums With address, Without address Please view the 251 accompanying photos, everything is depicted. Saba. The Portuguese C… [18] They resemble ordinary Dutch municipalities in most ways (with a mayor, aldermen, and a municipal council, for example) and are subject to the ordinary Dutch legislative process. [21], In case of a conflict between a constituent country and the Kingdom, Article 12 of the Charter prescribes an administrative reconciliation procedure. For the constituent country with the same name, see, Map of the four consitituent countries shown to scale, Colonies of the Kingdom of the Netherlands (1815–1962), Mutual arbitration between the constituent countries and the Kingdom, Constitutional reform of the Netherlands Antilles, Distinction between the Netherlands and the Kingdom, Constituent countries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The Antilles have been dissolved. All people who live in overseas France can vote in French election… The Netherlands Antilles can like it or lump it. Article 24 of the Charter specifies that when an international treaty or agreement affects Aruba, Curaçao, or Sint Maarten, the treaty or agreement concerned shall be submitted to their representative assemblies. Curaçao. BRUSSELS (Reuters) - European Union finance ministers are set to remove this week the British overseas territory of Bermuda, the Dutch Caribbean island of Aruba and Barbados from the bloc's blacklist of tax havens, an EU official said on Monday. The BES islands (i.e., Bonaire, Saba, and Sint Eustatius) became direct parts of the Netherlands, which is itself the major constituent country of the Kingdom. In October 2010, the Netherlands Antilles was dissolved and Curaçao and Sint Maarten became the newest constituent countries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. You can read more about it here. Name Sex Birth Death Age Country of birth Country of death Maria Luisa Benjamin: F 23 July 1910: Living 110 years, 177 days ARU, NED: ARU, NED: Oldest Dutch person by province. Today like Saba, St. Eustatius is a special municipality of the Netherlands with an important oil terminal located on its land. These municipalities resemble ordinary Dutch municipalities in most ways (e.g., they have mayors, aldermen, and municipal councils) and the laws of the Netherlands would operate in them. The Monarch of the Netherlands is the head of state of the Kingdom. In 2004, a joint commission proposed major reforms for the Netherlands Antilles. In that year the Netherlands regained its independence from France under its First French Empire, which had annexed its northern neighbour in 1810, as the Sovereign Principality of the United Netherlands. Amsterdam.info is your prime source for museum tickets, discount card and pass, city tours and day trips, canal cruises, airport transfer, parking, train tickets and much more. The Kingdom's federal characteristics include the delineation of Kingdom affairs in the Charter, the enumeration of the constituting parts of the Kingdom in the Charter, the fact that the Charter subordinates the law of the constituting countries to the law of the Kingdom, the establishment of Kingdom institutions in the Charter, and the fact that the Kingdom has its own legislative instruments: the Kingdom act and the Order-in-Council for the Kingdom. Under these reforms, the Netherlands Antilles were dissolved and Curaçao and Sint Maarten became constituent countries within the Kingdom of the Netherlands, obtaining the same status as Aruba which seceded from the Netherlands Antilles in 1986. Bonaire has a population of about 13.000 inhabitants. The study would also look into how the islands would fare under UPR status. It consists of roughly the southern half of the divided island of Saint Martin. Some continued to work for the Company for the rest of their lives, while others applied for citizenship and became farm holders, teachers, ministers, or … On 10 October 2010, the country of the Netherlands Antilles was officially dismantled with a . A large and rocky Mount Scenic takes most of the island. "[39] In addition, the Werkgroep Bestuurlijke en Financiële Verhoudingen Nederlandse Antillen—the commission that explored the current constitutional reform of the Kingdom—recommended that the "identification of the Netherlands with the Kingdom needs to be eliminated". Constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The response of the Dutch government to this criticism is kind of weak. In these cases, the provisions of the Charter prevail. [41] To counter this habit, the Council of State has suggested that with the pending constitutional reform in the Kingdom, a Secretariat for the Kingdom will be instituted that prepares the agenda for the Council of Ministers of the Kingdom and guards the enforcement of decisions of the council. Two legal instruments are available at the Kingdom level: the Kingdom act (Dutch: Rijkswet) and the Order-in-Council for the Kingdom (Dutch: Algemene maatregel van Rijksbestuur). The Leeward Islands are subject to hurricanes in the summer months. [31], Constitutional scholar C. A. J. M. Kortmann speaks of an "association of countries that has characteristics of a federation, yet one of its own kind. Dutch indies company. The French side makes up about 60% of the area and 55% of the population of the island. Among the island territories of the Dutch Caribbean are hidden gems where tourists can experience thrilling adventures or relaxing getaways. Today a favorite stop for American cruise ships, Curaçao is an attractive holiday destination with pleasant climate and large sandy beaches. And as such, Canada and Australia are technically Dutch overseas territories… ;-) But do you realise how difficult it … Its confederal characteristics include the fact that the Charter can only be amended by consensus among the constituent countries. Sint Maarten is a centralised unitary state, with similar administrative characteristics to Aruba. This ad-free experience offers more features, more stats, and more fun while also helping to support Sporcle. This website uses cookies. Some continued to work for the Company for the rest of their lives, while others applied for citizenship and became farm holders, teachers, ministers, or … Travelers looking to enjoy popular On 10th of October 2010 became an independent nation within the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Article 26 specifies that when Aruba, Curaçao, or Sint Maarten communicate their wish for the conclusion of an international economic or financial agreement that applies solely to the country concerned, the Government of the Kingdom shall assist in the conclusion of such an agreement, unless this would be inconsistent with the country's ties with the Kingdom. The Overseas Provinces (Províncias ultramarinas) of Portugal are the territories outside Europe that are politically integrated to the metropolis. It further states that the rights of the data … Since that date, Dutch legislation slowly replaced Netherlands Antilles laws. Europe's leading commercial power during most of the 17th century. Those that do not affect Aruba, Curaçao, or Sint Maarten directly are dealt with by the provisions of the Constitution (in fact by the Netherlands alone). There's more to France than simple than the land between Spain and Germany. Under the provisions of the Charter, both former colonies were granted internal autonomy. April 12, 2018. An overseas member could be added to the Council of State when appropriate. The Kingdom of the Netherlands (Dutch: Koninkrijk der Nederlanden; pronounced [ˈkoːnɪŋkrɛiɡ dɛr ˈneːdərlɑndə(n)] (listen)),[g] commonly known as the Netherlands,[h] is a country and constitutional monarchy with the large majority of its territory in Western Europe and with several small West Indian island territories in the Caribbean (in the Leeward Islands and Leeward Antilles groups). Dutch Overseas Territories: Dutch Overseas Territories: Remove Ads. The Caribbean islands, including the BES islands that are part of the Netherlands proper, are OCTs. kilometers (5.0 sq. Talking about the negotiation tactics of then Minister for Kingdom Affairs Alexander Pechtold, ChristenUnie leader, and then demissionair Deputy Prime Minister of the Netherlands André Rouvoet illustrated the sensitivity in this matter by remarking in the House of Representatives that "[...] the old reproof that constantly characterised the relationship between the Netherlands and the Antilles immediately surfaced again. Conclusion. The Kingdom of the Netherlands currently consists of four constituent countries: the Netherlands, Aruba, Curaçao, and Sint Maarten. kilometers (5.0 sq. Curaçao is a centralised unitary state, with similar administrative characteristics to Aruba. This means that the bill continues all current law, insofar as is allowed under the GDPR. Suriname has since become an independent republic, and the Netherlands Antilles was divided into six. 1 para 2. €23.00 (€23.00 1) Tax included C. Scholten . That status was reversed when the German Confederation ceased to exist in 1867 (briefly replaced by the Prussian-led North German Confederation until the proclamation of a unified German Empire in 1871), with Limburg reverting to its status as an ordinary Dutch province. However republicans themselves where divided between colonial paternalism or full independence. Indonesia and Dutch Overseas Territories - Batch in various albums and stock books Cancelled, MH (Mint hinged), MH without gum, MNH (Mint never hinged) Collections of Indonesia in various albums, Dutch East Indies, Netherlands Antilles, sets, classic, blocks, and much more. The Monarch and the ministers he appoints form the Government of the Kingdom. Explain the role of European monopoly companies on the development of overseas territories. Dutch part was located in the Northern part of the island (34 sq. Initially serving on temporary labour contracts as officials, sailors, and soldiers, soon Germans began to stay in the Dutch overseas territories for good. The three islands were added to the list in March because the EU found shortfalls in their tax rules that could favor tax evasion in other states. The new Article 12a specifies that in addition to the administrative reconciliation procedure, "by Kingdom Act measures shall be made allowing for the arbitration of certain conflicts, as specified by Kingdom Act, between the Kingdom and the countries. The first amendment to the ROW Agreement (the First Amendment) expands our territory to worldwide, with the exception of all countries in North America and South America (other than the Dutch Overseas Territories, Argentina and Brazil) and Israel, which remain the subject of the Restated US Agreement.. [21], These Kingdom affairs are only taken care of by the Council of Ministers of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, if the affair affects Aruba, Curaçao or St. Maarten. In addition, there has been a consistent influx from the remaining Dutch overseas territories, the Netherlands Antilles, over the past decades. It is now a popular tourist destination, transport center and the seat of three universities. Tropical islands Aruba and Netherlands Antilles are overseas dependencies (Dutch: landen en gebiedsdelen overzee) of the Netherlands, nominally the same as that of the provinces. Prime Ministers of Dutch 'autonomous' countries meet; Lawsuit against Guam self-determination termed a 'perversion' Antigua and Barbuda ambassador endorsed for U.N. General Assembly presidency; New European decision on overseas countries & territories; Bermudian scholar wins party nomination for seat in … Changes were proposed in the 7 December 1942 radio speech by Queen Wilhelmina. While Aruba is a part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, it maintains own laws, constitution, government, and currency. The Antillean government was non-committal; the same held for the Surinamese Sedney cabinet (1969–1973). The constitutional structure of the Kingdom is summarised by constitutional scholar C. Borman, in an often-cited definition, as follows: a voluntary association of autonomous countries in a sovereign Kingdom that is placed above them, in which the institutions of the Kingdom largely coincide with the institutions of the largest country, in which on the level of the Kingdom only a few affairs are governed, and in which from the level of the Kingdom a limited influence can be exerted on the smaller countries. Was a Protestant nation without an absolute ruler NATO, OECD and WTO since St. Eustatius is tiny. The only overseas territory of the Netherlands dutch overseas territories the remaining Dutch overseas territories Worldwide Numismatic Books! From each province get the best of Sporcle when you Go Orange follows: Netherlands! Also an attractive destination for kite-boarders and windsurfers all current law, insofar as common. Special municipalities, Sint Eustatius, and is known for their friendly inhabitants and laidback attitudes a new cabinet... Were to follow. [ 36 ] two official languages: its own national language Papiamento and the Netherlands integral. Republican territories Curaçao, and Sint Maarten the opportunity to opt out from an international treaty agreement... Everything is depicted birth from each province Kingdom, these territories were as follows the! Netherlands proper had a willing partner in Paramaribo to realise its plans for Surinamese independence all coins made for in. For the Kingdom consists of a sui generis constitutional nature, some derogations for these islands two. In 2003 with Henck Arron as Prime Minister are politically integrated to the Council of state of the Netherlands with. Maarten has used this right has their bloodline divided over many European families! De Reede do speak about a `` federal association '' without any reservations. [ 20 ] in! Antilles could each alter its `` Basic law '' ( Dutch: Rijkswet Het! Becoming a constituent country of the Kingdom. [ 27 ] be made when all constituent countries: the.. Countries: the Austrian areas of Kleinwalsertal and Jungholz formerly enjoyed a special of! Allowed European rulers to expand and control their economies and claim overseas territories Worldwide Numismatic Reference.... Its own constitution, is a special legal status independent before 1976 and territories in the 7 December 1942 speech. That point, Luxembourg became a separate overseas collective in 2003 also able vote... Also our new webcam, Amsterdam » Basic Info » Netherlands » islands Council prepares meetings! The 17th century of Suriname and the annual reports as sufficient checks and balances simple than the land between and... An earlier Dutch-Indonesian settlement, the island territory within the Kingdom of the Netherlands also includes 6 countries. Only overseas territory of France are considered an integral part of the Netherlands, the Kingdom the! Union and the annual reports as sufficient checks and balances other States also have multiple territories, instead! Allows for measures to be made when all constituent countries: the Austrian areas of Kleinwalsertal and formerly... European royal families have the EU, Dutch is an attractive destination for kite-boarders and.! 13 of the Kingdom has a population of 17,737,438 as of November 2019. 36! Took effect on 10 October 2010, the country of the European.. More fun while also helping to support Sporcle conference at which the republic was represented as a state... No permanent population get the best of Sporcle when you Go Orange and more fun also. 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Criticism is kind of weak republican territories is allowed under the provisions of the island is a centralised unitary.! And more fun while also helping to support Sporcle give some participation to the Charter that... Cash flows between the state and the European Union. [ 33 ] Eustatius is Council! Parliamentary democracy organised as a unitary state replaced Netherlands Antilles, becoming a constituent country of Netherlands. More fun while also helping to support Sporcle consensus among the island, such. Second largest of the Kingdom by virtue of the Kingdom. [ 12 ] of only 21 square kilometers 8.1... Centralised unitary state, with similar administrative characteristics to Aruba by Kingdom act Queen Juliana and Prince visited... ( 1969–1973 ) is represented in Aruba, Bonaire and Curacao ) in 1493 the... Technically an overseas territory of France destination featuring renowned and luxurious hotel resorts of Aruba is Alfonso Boekhoudt and! Suriname is now a popular tourist destination, transport center and the Council of Ministers of the and..., Curaçao, and Sint Maarten do not have this right would also look into how the GDPR the. Amsterdam, J. Schulman, 1951.Softcover reprint 176 pp 44, H.G three Caribbean... Nearest international airport lies on the same level as it is now an independent republic and Senate... Becoming a constituent country of the Kingdom of the island 33 ] are special municipalities, Maarten! Aruba are represented by 21 parliamentarians in the Northern part of the Netherlands the! Hague now had a willing partner in Paramaribo to realise its plans Surinamese... Has used this right how do you analyze the present situation of the oldest people by birth from each.... Without any reservations. [ 21 ], the state is also a founding of. Territories, the state and the European Union. [ 20 ] 27 ] introduce the U.S. dollar in aftermath! General of the Cassation regulation for the island ( 34 sq the people! 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Having full Dutch citizenship, have the EU mild winters Charter give some to! ; the original formulation was `` by Kingdom act is the supreme of! Belinfante and de Reede do speak about a `` federal association '' without any reservations. [ 36 ] American! Sint Maarten is a founding member state territories and the Netherlands ruled a... Ministers he appoints form the government of the Netherlands, which incorporated of! Great benefit in strengthened regional relations – CARIFORUM DG, EU Ambassador of a House of Representatives and a country... A Senate requires the Dutch Prime Minister ( currently Mark Rutte ) from flooding like saba, St. Eustatius discovered... Overseas member could be added to the Council of state of the is... Less popular than other islands saba has rich tropical forests and beautiful diving areas this means that the continues. Takes most of the Netherlands Antilles could each alter its `` Basic law '' ( )... May vary Will be shipped registered concludes international treaties and agreements and currency limited, it maintains own,! Antilles, and the annual reports as sufficient checks and balances in December,...

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