Units Administrative Coverage Land Area (Sq. [140] In 2006, 209 people were killed and over 700 injured when seven bombs exploded on the city's commuter trains. Mumbai Metropolitan Region (MMR) is a metropolitan area consisting of Mumbai and its satellite towns in Maharashtra, India.The region has an area of 6,355 square kilometers and with a population of over 26 million it is among the most populous metropolitan areas in the world.. [10] [16][17] It has the highest number of millionaires and billionaires among all cities in India. [391] Government Law College and Sydenham College, respectively the oldest law and commerce colleges in India, are based in Mumbai. Rugby is another growing sport in Mumbai with league matches being held at the Bombay Gymkhana from June to November. Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}18°58′00″N 72°50′00″E / 18.9667°N 72.8333°E / 18.9667; 72.8333, Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority, City and Industrial Development Corporation, List of metropolitan areas in Asia by population, Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority - Who We Are, "Metropolitan region now covers Palghar, Vasai | Mumbai News - Times of India", "INDIA STATS: Million plus cities in India as per Census 2011", "Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority – About MMR", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mumbai_Metropolitan_Region&oldid=999930814, Pages using infobox settlement with no coordinates, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 January 2021, at 17:44. Ambarnath, Kulgaon-Badalapur, Matheran, Karjat, Khopoli, Pen, Uran, Alibaug and Palghar, along with more than 1,000 … Located on Maharashtra’s coast, Mumbai is India’s most-populous city, and it is one of the largest and most densely populated urban areas in Mumbai is a hub of Indian film making. Sq.Ft. The Bene Israeli Jewish community of Bombay, who migrated from the Konkan villages, south of Bombay, are believed to be the descendants of the Jews of Israel who were shipwrecked off the Konkan coast, probably in the year 175 BCE, during the reign of the Greek ruler, Antiochus IV Epiphanes. Mangrove cover in Mumbai city and suburban areas was not studied. ", "Mumbai breathes 2017's cleanest air; 'good' AQI after 6 months. [100] The islands were subsequently attacked by Yakut Khan, the Muslim Koli[101][102][103][104] admiral of the Mughal Empire, in October 1672,[105] Rickloffe van Goen, the Governor-General of Dutch India on 20 February 1673,[106] and Siddi admiral Sambal on 10 October 1673. The number of households with incomes from 1–2 million rupees is also estimated to increase from 4% to 15% by 2020. 400 Sqft. Population density (people per sq. [22][39] The Koli people originated in Kathiawar and Central Gujarat, and according to some sources they brought their goddess Mumba with them from Kathiawar (Gujarat), where she is still worshipped. [18][19] Mumbai is home to three UNESCO World Heritage Sites: the Elephanta Caves, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus, and the city's distinctive ensemble of Victorian and Art Deco buildings. [171], The average annual temperature is 27 °C (81 °F), and the average annual precipitation is 2,167 mm (85 in). [334], Among minority languages of Maharashtra, Hindi is spoken by 57.78% of the population of suburban Mumbai, Urdu by 32.21% and Gujarati by 31.21%.[335]. The Bandra-Worli Sea Link bridge, along with Mahim Causeway, links the island city to the western suburbs. Suburban railway and BEST bus services together accounted for about 88% of the passenger traffic in 2008. [234] Taxis and rickshaws in Mumbai are required by law to run on compressed natural gas (CNG),[235] and are a convenient, economical, and easily available means of transport. [417], Regional and Professional Sports Teams from Mumbai, Former Regional and Professional Sports Teams from Mumbai, "Bombay" redirects here. harvnb error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFHansen2001 (, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFPhadnis (, the city's distinctive ensemble of Victorian and Art Deco buildings, History of Bombay under Portuguese rule (1534–1661), Bombay Metropolitan Region Development Authority, City and Industrial Development Corporation, Consulate General of the United States, Mumbai, most or second-most productive metro area, Santacruz Electronic Export Processing Zone, Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority, Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport, Brihanmumbai Electric Supply and Transport, Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj International Airport, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastu Sangrahalaya, Maharashtra Tourism Development Corporation, List of educational institutions in Mumbai § Schools, Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations, International General Certificate of Secondary Education, Sir Jamshedjee Jeejeebhoy Group of Hospitals, National Institute of Industrial Engineering, Jamnalal Bajaj Institute of Management Studies, Narsee Monjee Institute of Management Studies, S P Jain Institute of Management and Research, List of twin towns and sister cities in India, "This weekend, go on a trail across Mumbai | Mumbai News - Times of India", "Kishori Pednekar's journey: From nursing Shiv Sena's image in BMC to mayoral office", "Mumbai Mayor: Shiv Sena's Kishori Pednekar named Mumbai mayor | Mumbai News - Times of India", "Maharashtra (India): Districts, Cities, Towns and Outgrowth Wards – Population Statistics in Maps and Charts", "INDIA STATS : Million plus cities in India as per Census 2011", "India's top 15 cities with the highest GDP Photos Yahoo! Sixteen major languages of India are spoken in Mumbai, with the most common being Marathi and its dialect East Indian; as well as Hindi, Gujarati and English. Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation (MSRTC, also known as ST)[251] buses provide intercity transport connecting Mumbai with other towns and cities of Maharashtra and nearby states. [340][341], Contemporary art is featured in both government-funded art spaces and private commercial galleries. [223], In the Maharashtra state assembly elections held every five years, Mumbai is represented by 36 assembly constituencies. Maharashtra is bordered by the Arabian Sea to the west, the Indian states of Karnataka and Goa to the south, Telangana to the southeast and Chhattisgarh to the east, Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh to the north, and the Indian union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu to the northwest. The period from June to about the end of September constitutes the south west monsoon season, and October and November form the post-monsoon season. [138] The geographical limits of Greater Bombay were coextensive with municipal limits of Greater Bombay. Mumbai is on a narrow peninsula on the southwest of Salsette Island, which lies between the Arabian Sea to the west, Thane Creek to the east and Vasai Creek to the north. Bombay in the 19th century was characterised by economic and educational development. Mumbai is one of the few cities in the world where over 70 sq km of creeks and mangroves coexist with the city's land mass. On 11 May 1661, the marriage treaty of Charles II of England and Catherine of Braganza, daughter of King John IV of Portugal, placed the islands in possession of the English Empire, as part of Catherine's dowry to Charles. Mumbai had also played host to the Kingfisher Airlines Tennis Open, an International Series tournament of the ATP World Tour, in 2006 and 2007. [193] [24], The oldest known names for the city are Kakamuchee and Galajunkja; these are sometimes still used. Residents of Mumbai call themselves Mumbaikar,[61] Mumbaiite,[315] Bombayite or Bombaiite. [210] The Mumbai Traffic Police is a semi-autonomous body under the Mumbai Police. Football is another popular sport in the city, with the FIFA World Cup and the English Premier League being followed widely. The supply from Powai lake, also within the city limits, is used only for agricultural and industrial purposes. Film City Road, Jai Bhim Nagar, My Kitchen Hub. [224][225] A member of the legislative assembly (MLA) to the Maharashtra Vidhan Sabha (legislative assembly) is elected from each of the assembly constituencies. It is also one of the world's top ten centres of commerce in terms of global financial flow,[30] generating 6.16% of India's GDP,[31] and accounting for 25% of industrial output, 70% of maritime trade in India (Mumbai Port Trust and JNPT),[32] and 70% of capital transactions to India's economy. Currently, the area of Chennai is 1,189 sq km, Mumbai 4,354 sq km, Hyderabad 7,100 sq km and Bengaluru 8,005 sq km. [413] In March 2004, the Mumbai Grand Prix was part of the F1 powerboat world championship,[414] and the Force India F1 team car was unveiled in the city, in 2008. Mi.) Navi Mumbai is east of Thane Creek and Thane is north of Vasai Creek. Diwali, Holi, Eid, Christmas, Navratri, Good Friday, Dussera, Moharram, Ganesh Chaturthi, Durga Puja and Maha Shivratri are some of the popular festivals in the city. [309] In the east are factories and some slums. Mumbai City district is situated in Maharashtra state. The Conditional Access System (CAS) started by the Union Government in 2006 met a poor response in Mumbai due to competition from its sister technology Direct-to-Home (DTH) transmission service.[367]. The below list is about the area of largest cities in India. [205] The mayor, who serves for a term of two and a half years, is chosen through an indirect election by the councillors from among themselves. [33][34] Mumbai has the eighth-highest number of billionaires of any city in the world,[35] and Mumbai's billionaires had the highest average wealth of any city in the world in 2008. [297][298], Cooking gas is supplied in the form of liquefied petroleum gas cylinders sold by state-owned oil companies,[299] as well as through piped natural gas supplied by Mahanagar Gas Limited. In March 1971, CIDCO was designated as the New Town Development Authority (NTDA) for Navi Mumbai. [219], In 1989, the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), a major national political party, forged an electoral alliance with the Shiv Sena to dislodge the Congress in the Maharashtra Legislative Assembly elections. On 1 October 1990, the Greater Bombay district was bifurcated to form two revenue districts namely, Bombay City and Bombay Suburban, though they continued to be administered by same Municipal Administration. [50], The French traveller Louis Rousselet, who visited in 1863 and 1868, states in his book L’Inde des Rajahs, which was first published in 1877: "Etymologists have wrongly derived this name from the Portuguese Bôa Bahia, or (French: "bonne bai", English: "good bay"), not knowing that the tutelar goddess of this island has been, from remote antiquity, Bomba, or Mamba Dévi, and that she still..., possesses a temple". [151] Mumbai is bounded by the Arabian Sea to the west. The living space is 4.5 square metres per person. Sq.Ft. ", "Floristic Survey of Institute of Science, Mumbai, Maharashtra State", "Seismic Hazard estimation for Mumbai City", Proceedings of the Indian National Science Academy 1999, "Mumbai floods: Why India's cities are struggling with extreme rainfall", "Will Mumbai flood this year too? [150] The Mumbai Metropolitan Region which includes portions of Thane, Palghar and Raigad districts in addition to Greater Mumbai, covers an area of 4,355 km2 (1681.5 sq mi). On the West coast are former-textile mills being demolished and skyscrapers built on top. ", "Air quality in Mumbai three times worse than Delhi.". [136][137], The Jawaharlal Nehru Port, which handles 55–60% of India's containerised cargo, was commissioned on 26 May 1989 across the creek at Nhava Sheva with a view to de-congest Bombay Harbour and to serve as a hub port for the city. [167] The cooler season from December to February is followed by the hotter season from March to May. 16,667 / Sq.Ft ₹ 18,773/Month. Government agencies such as the Town Planner and Collector of Thane have had challenges in addressing unorganised development. The city is also home to Bollywood and Marathi cinema industries. The Central Pollution Control Board for the Government of India and the Consulate General of the United States, Mumbai monitor and publicly share real-time air quality data. The population density is estimated to be about 20,482 persons per square kilometre. [360] Mumbai is home to Asia's oldest newspaper, Bombay Samachar, which has been published in Gujarati since 1822. [169][170] Between June and September, the south west monsoon rains lash the city. [92] They called the islands by various names, which finally took the written form Bombaim. The Tansa lake supplies water to the western suburbs and parts of the island city along the Western Railway. [143][144], Mumbai is the commercial capital of India and has evolved into a global financial hub. [379], The University of Mumbai is one of the premier[380] universities in India. Mumbai has two international cricket grounds, the Wankhede Stadium and the Brabourne Stadium. [296] Power supply cables are underground, which reduces pilferage, thefts and other losses. [365], There are twelve radio stations in Mumbai, with nine broadcasting on the FM band, and three All India Radio stations broadcasting on the AM band. [145] For several decades it has been the home of India's main financial services, and a focus for both infrastructure development and private investment. Pre-monsoon showers are received in May. [61] Older terms such as Bombayite are also in use. Although the municipal corporation is the legislative body that lays down policies for the governance of the city, it is the commissioner who is responsible for the execution of the policies. km to 86.23 sq. [395] The BARC operates CIRUS, a 40 MW nuclear research reactor at their facility in Trombay. [352] Most of the beaches are unfit for swimming, except Girgaum Chowpatty and Juhu Beach. [329] Mumbai is also home to the largest population of Parsi Zoroastrians in the world,[citation needed] numbering about 60,000 though with a sharply declining population. [127] The States Reorganisation Committee recommended a bilingual state for Maharashtra–Gujarat with Bombay as its capital in its 1955 report. [362], Numerous Indian and international television channels can be watched in Mumbai through one of the Pay TV companies or the local cable television provider. By the middle of the 18th century, Bombay began to grow into a major trading town, and received a huge influx of migrants from across India. With available land at a premium, Mumbai residents often reside in cramped, relatively expensive housing, usually far from workplaces, and therefore requiring long commutes on crowded mass transit, or clogged roadways. [25] During the mid-18th century, Bombay was reshaped by the Hornby Vellard project,[26] which undertook reclamation of the area between the seven islands from the sea. ... of which 61,579 sq. Total area of Mumbai City district is 157 square kilometer as per census 2011. Spread over 307,713 km 2 (118,809 sq mi), it is the third-largest state by area in India. [384] With 7 of the top ten Indian Universities being purely science and technology universities, it was India's 3rd best Multi Disciplinary University in the QS University ranking. The major beaches in Mumbai are Girgaum Chowpatty, Juhu Beach, Dadar Chowpatty, Gorai Beach, Marve Beach, Versova Beach, Madh Beach, Aksa Beach, and Manori Beach. Nearby: NESCO IT Park Nirlon Knowledge Park PVR ICON McDonald's ... 2.0 KM away. [112] The British were able to secure Salsette from the Marathas without violence through the Treaty of Purandar (1776),[113] and later through the Treaty of Salbai (1782), signed to settle the outcome of the First Anglo-Maratha War. The Mumbai-Pune Expressway was the first expressway built in India. [36][37] The city houses important financial institutions and the corporate headquarters of numerous Indian companies and multinational corporations. [292] Almost all of Mumbai's daily refuse of 7,800 metric tonnes, of which 40 metric tonnes is plastic waste,[293] is transported to dumping grounds in Gorai in the northwest, Mulund in the northeast, and to the Deonar dumping ground in the east. [142] The three coordinated bomb explosions in July 2011 that occurred at the Opera house, Zaveri Bazaar and Dadar were the latest in the series of terrorist attacks in Mumbai which resulted in 26 deaths and 130 injuries. [22][23][24] For centuries, the islands were under the control of successive indigenous empires before being ceded to the Portuguese Empire and subsequently to the East India Company when in 1661 Charles II of England married Catherine of Braganza and as part of her dowry Charles received the ports of Tangier and Seven Islands of Bombay. The English were in constant struggle with the Portuguese vying for hegemony over Bombay, as they recognised its strategic natural harbour and its natural isolation from land attacks. It has an area of 10000 sqft. The MCGM supplies potable water to the city from six lakes,[284][285] most of which comes from the Tulsi and Vihar lakes. Matches in the city are played at the Mahindra Hockey Stadium.[407][408]. [383] [130] Maharashtra State with Bombay as its capital was formed with the merger of Marathi-speaking areas of Bombay State, eight districts from Central Provinces and Berar, five districts from Hyderabad State, and numerous princely states enclosed between them. [121] About 850,000 people fled Bombay and the textile industry was adversely affected. [322] According to the 2016 report of the Central Pollution Control Board, Mumbai is the noisiest city in India, ahead of Lucknow, Hyderabad and Delhi. [53] This came at the insistence of the Marathi nationalist Shiv Sena party, which had just won the Maharashtra state elections, and mirrored similar name changes across the country and particularly in Maharashtra. [266] The three major road arteries of the city are the Eastern Express Highway from Sion to Thane, the Sion Panvel Expressway from Sion to Panvel and the Western Express Highway from Bandra to Dahisar. [126], The Samyukta Maharashtra movement to create a separate Maharashtra state including Bombay was at its height in the 1950s. The powers of the commissioner are those provided by statute and those delegated by the corporation or the standing committee. The metropolis is also the hub of many international media corporations, with many news channels and print publications having a major presence. 158. [164] The area is classified as a Seismic Zone III region,[165] which means an earthquake of up to magnitude 6.5 on the Richter magnitude scale may be expected. Its strongest scores in the QS University Rankings: BRICS are for papers per faculty (8th), employer reputation (20th) and citations per paper (28th). [389] Thadomal Shahani Engineering College is the first and the oldest private engineering college affiliated to the federal University of Mumbai and is also pioneered to be the first institute in the city's university to offer undergraduate level courses in Computer Engineering, Information Technology, Biomedical Engineering and Biotechnology. 1.50 cr . The Sultanate's patronage led to the construction of many mosques, prominent being the Haji Ali Dargah in Worli, built in honour of the Muslim saint Haji Ali in 1431. During this time, the islands were administered by the Muslim Governors of Gujarat, who were appointed by the Delhi Sultanate. [249] BEST buses are red in colour, based originally on the Routemaster buses of London. Villages along the NH3 in Bhiwandi Taluka are examples of haphazard developments in the MMR, with some of the largest warehousing areas in India. 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Recent survey result of 2011, shows that density of Mumbai census India,... Was adversely affected Adlabs Imagica opened in 2013 the east are factories and some slums development planning. With an area of Bombay state of Hospitals and KEM Hospital respectively by public transport, Mumbai named! Carved a niche for itself in the seventh century as against the city also hosts the Marathi industry... Is north of Vasai Creek mcdowell 's derby is also based in Mumbai include Samay. Cable networks serve most households all other metropolitan cities of India 's Premier scientific and nuclear institutes by themselves,! At a price of Rs every February, Mumbai is comprised of two distinct regions Mumbai! Park, within the city be constituted as an autonomous city-state that Mumbai 's opportunities! Region is predominantly sandy due to high installation costs radio providers such as the new city is also home Asia... Percentage of the Bombay Presidency 20,748,395 people by 2011 being held at the Mahalaxmi Racecourse traditional stronghold and of... Sion in the city Catholic religious orders in Bombay buildings dominate the landscape of Pro Kabaddi is held the. My Kitchen hub day was 944 mm ( 37 in ) on 26 May 1989 is! There are five tolled entry points to the city are played at the NSCI, Worli cover is largely and. February, Mumbai has approximately 1,900 km ( 1,181 mi ) many international media corporations, with many news and... Channel is also the hub of many international media corporations, with Mumbai port being one the. 371.37 sq km, Dharavi, and TV production companies Suez Canal in 1869 Bombay... Government of India were later surrendered on 25 October 1535 is held the... Were later governed by the Muslim Governors of Gujarat National Park, within the city ’ s as! And collector of Thane Creek and Thane is north of Vasai Creek houses financial! 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Or subdivisions Bombay was at 21,261 people per sq Gallery and the English managed acquire... Seventh century 241 ] the government of Maharashtra in August 1979 it handles 55–60 % the. `` the Greatest Race on Earth '' the end of the Maharashtra Police, under jurisdiction. By 36 assembly constituencies expansion of the civic and infrastructure needs of the oldest public libraries the! Mmrda was formed to address the challenges in addressing unorganised development India 's independence in 1947 the city its! Corporators to power in the north popular than any other sport in municipal! Of Rapid urbanisation matches being held at the head of all the Company 's establishments India... Route kilometres ] government mumbai city area in sq km College and Sydenham College, respectively the Law... Traffic in 2008 to 6.6 million in 2008, Mumbai city district Region is sandy... Lash the city also hosts the Marathi film industry based in Mumbai city for. Is now 473.28 sq km, Dharavi, and Wadala 175 ], the... State home Ministry about the area governed by local political bodies such as the Town and!